AIDE Physical Science Assignment Guide and Key Points

 

Chapter 2 "The Properties of Matter"

 

Lesson 1 "What Are Some Properties of Matter"

Turn to page 30-31 look at the pictures on those pages read about them and the short introduction to Chapter 2

Visually Scan Pages 32-34; focus on the blue boxes, which contain the key vocabulary terms.

Visually Scan Pages 32-34 for pictures and diagrams, read each of the captions.

Read Pages 32-34 (take notes of important ideas)

Do you know the answers to the questions on page 34? (See Key Points below for help)

Do you know the vocabulary words? (See Key Points below for help)

Take the quiz on Lesson 1 "What Are Some Properties of Matter" (You may use the book, notes and Key Points for help on the quizzes. NOT ON TESTS!)

Review answers on the quiz and print it out. This will be very useful when you are studying for the test.

 

Lesson 1 Key Points

Vocabulary Terms

Property - a characteristic that helps identify an object.

 

Section Review Answers

  1. A. not a good description; not exact or specific. B) a good but incomplete description; uses specific measurement. C) not a good description; not specific; could be a number of things.
  2. 2. YOur answer might include spherical or leather covered.
  3. Yes; your answer might include stitched or hard.
  4. You should have used as much detail as possible.
  5. You can also read your description to your parent or anyone around you. Were they able to identify the object?

Did you learn these Objectives?

Can you explain what a property is?

Are you able to list some properties of a common object? 

Investigation 2-1 "Identifying Properties"

Optional, (must complete 3 this quarter)

Gather the materials you need; a bag of 5 objects, a balance, a hand lens, metric ruler.(you may use a regular scale instead of a balance)

Follow the procedure on page 13-14.

Complete the follow-up investigation quiz. (The 3 questions will be the same as the three questions on P14)

Lesson 2 "Mass Is Different From Weight"

Visually Scan Pages 37-39; focus on the blue boxes, which contain the key vocabulary terms.

Visually Scan Pages 37-39 for pictures and diagrams, read each of the captions.

Read Pages 37-39 (take notes of important ideas)

Do you know the answers to the questions on page 39? (See Key Points below for help)

Do you know the vocabulary words? (See Key Points below for help)

Take the quiz on Lesson 2 "Mass Is Different From Weight" (You may use the book, notes and Key Points for help on the quizzes. NOT ON TESTS!)

Review answers on the quiz and print it out. This will be very useful when you are studying for the test.

 

Lesson 2 Key Points

Vocabulary Terms

Weight - the measure of how hard gravity pulls on an object

Newton - the metric unit of weight.

balance - an instrument used to measure mass.

Standard mass - a small object that is used with a balance to determine mass.

 

 

Section Review Answers

  1. 100lbs; 1.00 X 100
  2. 254lbs; 2.54 X 100
  3. 37.9 lbs; 0.379 X 100
  4. 107 lbs; 1.07 X 100
  5. 37.8 lbs; 0.378 X 100
  6. 89.4lbs; 0.894 X 100
  7. Mass is how much matter an object contains. Weight is a measure of how hard gravity pulls on an object.
  8. Your are measuring weight when you use a grocery scale.
  9. The pull of gravity is less on the moon than it is on Earth, so you weigh less.
  10. The weight of a 5 kg mass in newtons is 49 newtons.

Did you learn these Objectives?

Can you explain the difference between mass and weight.

Are you able to identify instruments that can be used to measure mass and weight?

 

 

Lesson 3 "Measuring the Mass of a Liquid"

Visually Scan Pages 40-42; focus on the blue boxes, which contain the key vocabulary terms.

Visually Scan Pages 40-42 for pictures and diagrams, read each of the captions.

Visually Scan for an read the short article in the blue boxes that you find on Page 41.

Read Pages 40-42 (take notes of important ideas)

Do you know the answers to the questions on page 42? (See Key Points below for help)

Do you know the vocabulary words? (See Key Points below for help)

Take the quiz on Lesson 3 "Measuring the Mass of a Liquid" (You may use the book, notes and Key Points for help on the quizzes. NOT ON TESTS!)

Review answers on the quiz and print it out. This will be very useful when you are studying for the test.

 

Lesson 3 Key Points

Vocabulary Terms

none

 

Section Review Answers

  1. The mass of the liquid is 35g.
  2. The mass of the liquid is 38g.
  3. The mass of the beaker plus the liquid is 110g.
  4. The mass of the liquid is 35g.
  5. The mass of the liquid is 100g.

Did you learn these Objectives?

Can you explain how to find the mass of a liquid?

Lesson 4 "Measuring the Volume of a Liquid"

Visually Scan Pages 43-45; focus on the blue boxes, which contain the key vocabulary terms.

Visually Scan Pages 43-45; for pictures and diagrams, read each of the captions.

Read Pages 43-45 (take notes of important ideas)

Do you know the answers to the questions on page 45? (See Key Points below for help)

Do you know the vocabulary words? (See Key Points below for help)

Take the quiz on Lesson 4 "Measuring the Volume of a Liquid" (You may use the book, notes and Key Points for help on the quizzes. NOT ON TESTS!)

Review answers on the quiz and print it out. This will be very useful when you are studying for the test.

 

Lesson 4Key Points

Vocabulary Terms

Graduated cylinder - A round glass or plastic cylinder used to measure the volume of liquids.

Meniscus - the curved surface of a liquid.

 

 

Section Review Answers

  1. 12 ml (cm3)
  2. 28 mL (cm3)
  3. -5 The shaded part of the cylinders should reflect the volumes indicated. Did you notice the scales on the sides of the cylinders are different?

Did you learn these Objectives?

Can you explain how to use a graduated cylinder to measure the volume of a liquid?

Lesson 5 "Measuring the Volume of Solid Objects"

Visually Scan Pages 46-48; focus on the blue boxes, which contain the key vocabulary terms.

Visually Scan Pages 46-48 for pictures and diagrams, read each of the captions.

Visually Scan for an read the short articles and questions in the blue boxes that you find on Pages 46-48.

Read Pages 46-47 (take notes of important ideas)

Do you know the answers to the questions on page 48? (See Key Points below for help)

Do you know the vocabulary words? (See Key Points below for help)

Take the quiz on Lesson 5 "Measuring the Volume of Solid Objects" (You may use the book, notes and Key Points for help on the quizzes. NOT ON TESTS!)

Review answers on the quiz and print it out. This will be very useful when you are studying for the test.

 

Lesson 5 Key Points

Vocabulary Terms

displacement of water - method of measuring the volume of an irregularly shaped object.

 

 

Section Review Answers

  1. The volume of the object is 100 cm3.
  2. The volume of the stone remains the same; it causes the level of water in the graduated cylinder to rise from 35 to 42 mL
  3. The volume of the stone is 7 mL.
  4. The blue marble has the greater volume.
  5. You would use the displacement of water method to find the volume of a pencil.

Did you learn these Objectives?

Can you measure the volume of regularly shaped solids?

Are you able to measure the volume of irregularly shaped solids?

Lesson 6 "What Is Density?"

Visually Scan Pages 49-52; focus on the blue boxes, which contain the key vocabulary terms.

Visually Scan Pages 49-52 for pictures and diagrams, read each of the captions.

Visually Scan for and read the short articles and questions in the blue boxes that you find on Pages 49-52.

Read Pages 49-51 (take notes of important ideas)

Do you know the answers to the questions on page 52? (See Key Points below for help)

Do you know the vocabulary words? (See Key Points below for help)

Take the quiz on Lesson 5 "What is Density" (You may use the book, notes and Key Points for help on the quizzes. NOT ON TESTS!)

Review answers on the quiz and print it out. This will be very useful when you are studying for the test.

 

Lesson 6 Key Points

Vocabulary Terms

Density - A measure of how tightly the matter of a substance is packed into a given volume.

 

 

Section Review Answers

  1. Density is a measure of how tightly the matter of a substance is packed into a given volume
  2. A 1 cm3 cube of lead would have more matter.
  3. Its density is 19.3 g/cm3.
  4. The density of each half of the metal bar would be 19.3 g/cm3.
  5. It would float because its density is less than that of water.

Did you learn these Objectives?

Can you explain and define density?

Are you able to calculate density

Can you explain how to use density to identify a substance?

Investigation 2-2 "Finding Density"

Optional, (must complete 3 this quarter)

Gather the materials you need; safety glasses, 2 graduated cylinders, balance, cooking oil, water.

Follow the procedure on page 53-54.

Complete the follow-up investigation quiz. (The 2 questions will be the same as the 2 questions on P54)

 

 

 Preparing for Chapter 2 Test

Turn to Page 55 and read the Chapter 2 summary.

On pages 56-57 you will find the Chapter 2 review, complete the review.

Check your answers with those in the Key Points.

Take the Chapter 2 Test "The Properties of Matter"

Review the answers then print the results for your records.

 

Chapter 2Review answers

  1. graduated cylinder
  2. meniscus
  3. standard mass
  4. weight
  5. property
  6. displacement of water
  7. D
  8. A
  9. A
  10. C
  11. The information is not specific or exact enough; it does not include measurements.
  12. Measure the mass of a graduated cylinder. Add the liquid to the cylinder and measure mass again. Subtract the cylinder's mass from the mass of the cylinder and liquid to get the liquid mass.
  13. Cube: Multiply width by length by height in cm. This is also the number of mL, since 1mL = 1 cm3. Glass of water: Pour the liquid into a graduated cylinder and read the scale. Rock: use the displacement of water method. Pour water into a graduated cylinder and read its volume. Add the rock and read the scale again. Subtract water volume from total volume of water and rock.
  14. The cork will float because it is less dense that water.
  15. The scientist would measure each object's volume and mass and then calculate its density (mass/volume). If the densities are identical, the objects are the same substance.

 

Congratulations you finished the second chapter !!